By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. ... Varathane 1 qt. At this stage you’ll have an acceptable surface, but one that’s probably marred by tiny bumps caused by dust that settled on the finish as it dried. The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, and you can then apply a second coat. Water-Based Wood Finish. Standard polyurethane is applied with a brush, but there are also wipe-on formulas that are applied with a rag, as well as a spray finishes in aerosol cans. Bristle brushes are better for molded edges and fine details. The decision to use an oil-based or water-based polyurethane largely depends on your project and your preferences. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. When you’ve added enough coats, use automotive polish to bring out its shine. Test the coat for dryness. Prepare the polyurethane by reducing it about 10 percent with mineral spirits, unless you're using water-based polyurethane, which doesn't need thinning. Varathane wood stain features high-quality and advanced pigments that bring out natural, rich color. Follow manufacturer’s direction for application of stain or paint. Available in gloss, semi-gloss and matte finishes, Varathane's self-leveling formula makes it easy to apply, eliminates brush strokes and lasts for years. Only work in areas with good airflow. Water-based polyurethanes don't match well with oil-based stains, so if you're applying over stain you'll want to "rough up" the stained surface slightly before applying your water-based polyurethane, using some synthetic steel wool. If you notice significant bumps in the dried coat, use a razor blade to shave these off. Use a space heater to dry Varathane when your work area is cool or to shorten its normal drying time. Wood surfaces are enriched with a deep, beautiful color and protected by a long-lasting polyurethane with a semi-gloss finish. This is why leveling is the pre-buffing step required next. For open-grain woods (like oak, ash, or walnut), you can apply a wood grain filler before the polyurethane, to create an ultra-smooth finished surface. Depending on the condition of your table, you may only need to lightly sand with a high grit rating sandpaper. Polyurethane takes hours, not minutes, to dry; that's a lot of time for dust to settle or bugs to land on the surface, marring the final product. Work with the grain, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to avoid raising the grain. Start at one end of the wood and follow the grain toward the opposite end. Leave plenty of space between the Varathane and the heater to prevent fires. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Hand Rub With Wipe-On Varnish or Oil If you want to transform the sheen from high gloss to satin or matte, then using a hardening oil such as tung oil is a good way to do it. Use a sufficient, but not overly thick, coat of finish. With a solid wood top like this one, finish both the top and the bottom surfaces, even if the bottom won’t show. If the stain begins to dry before you wipe it off, you're tackling too much area; this is more likely to happen using water-based stain. The few remaining bubbles will typically disappear within moments. Both wipe-on and spray formulas are a good solution for tricky applications, like fine details or vertical surfaces. By using our site, you agree to our. UNFINISHED SURFACE PREPARATION. Complete each area with long, straight strokes to brush out as many bubbles as possible. When you reach one end, start again at the beginning. Repeat these steps until the desired level of protection is achieved. "Simple instructions. Overlapping stain on previously stained areas causes uneven colors. Additional coats can be applied with one hour dry time between coats. Wipe-on poly is applied with a clean, lint-free rag. Clean the wood very thoroughly to remove sanding dust before each new coat of polyurethane, using a vacuum (if available) and a tack cloth. They're also a bit thicker and contain more solids, requiring two or three coats where water-based poly may need three or four. Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane is a water-based acrylic oil-modified urethane designed to stain and protect wood surfaces in one easy application. [1] Apply One Step Stain & Polyurethane using a high quality synthetic bristle brush in the direction of the grain until a uniform film has been achieved. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Apply the Varathane in a strip along one part of the wood. As with all wood finishes, good results depend on smooth, clean wood surfaces, but this goes double with clear finishes such as polyurethane. This article has been viewed 23,182 times. 1. This is a perfect way to showcase your table’s woodwork, and you can do it on your own. Applying Polyurethane to Hardwood Floors: Step by Step. Water-based polyurethane versions dry much more quickly, are a bit more self-leveling, and have less odor when applying than oil-based versions. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Chris is a freelance writer who specializes in woodworking, designs his own projects, and is experienced in commercial carpentry. How to Varathane a Table. Allow to penetrate for 5- 10 minutes; then remove excess by wiping with a rag in the direction of the grain. % of people told us that this article helped them. By applying it to a table, you’ll create a clear finish that will protect and preserve the wood. If you tend to be sensitive to strong fumes, wear a respirator when working with Varathane. Last Updated: October 15, 2019 References. Color is another differentiator. Applying Varathane floor finish to a new or resurfaced wood floor enhances the beauty and texture of the wood, and provides a durable, low-maintenance protection from scuffs and scratches. This highlights imperfections, such as bumps, bubbles, ugly brush marks, and spots that you simply missed or where the finish is too light. STAINED OR PAINTED WOOD. To prevent brush marks, avoid excessive brushing. Minwax® PolyShades® enhances wood grain by combining beautiful rich stain color and long-lasting polyurethane protection in one easy step. For the smoothest finish, start sanding with 100-grit sandpaper, then repeat this with 150-grit, and finish sanding with 220-grit paper. The initial coat should be dry within a couple of hours, and you can then apply a second coat. All varnishes commonly available today are based on a plastic resin--Varathane's use of the term liquid plastic is just marketing language. For protection, two coats are the minimum, but floors and anything else that will see hard wear or occasional moisture should get at least three coats. Spray poly goes on just like spray paint. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/bb\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/bb\/Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg\/aid8987406-v4-728px-Varathane-a-Table-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, https://www.thisoldhouse.com/ideas/all-about-polyurethane/page/1, https://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/how-to-apply-polyurethane/view-all, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-apply-polyurethane-sealer/#.WUg0TFQrLIV, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/varnish-vs-polyurethane/#.WUg0V1QrLIV, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/how-to-apply-polyurethane-sealer/#.WUhAUlQrLIW, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Note: Paper with a … Follow the label directions on your polish for best results. wikiHow's. You can fix these problems when the finish is still wet but not once it starts to set up. Make certain surface is thoroughly dry before applying Varathane Premium Polyurethane. Applying polyurethane to new stairs can be tricky if you have to use the stairs while the finish is drying, but you can get around this by coating only every other step at one time. To save drying time, coat the bottom and then immediately flip it over to finish the top. Sand the Surface. Most oil-based Varathane will only need two coats, though some tables may require three (but no more than three). Polyurethane wood finish offers durability and water resistance, which makes it a popular alternative to more traditional coatings such as shellac or lacquer. Additional coats can be applied allowing one hour dry time between coats. Oil-based polyurethanes are somewhat easier to apply and can be less temperamental than water-based formulas. The primary advantage of wipe-on and spray polyurethanes is thinness. Varathane One Step Stain & Polyurethane adds rich color and a smooth protective finish. After the first coat has fully dried (according to the manufacturer's directions), lightly sand the entire surface (again, parallel to the grain), using 320-grit sandpaper. The Varathane Ultimate Polyurethane was going to give us the protective finish a side table requires. Time Limit to Dry Stain Before Polyurethane: The Best Practice! Create a weathered farmhouse-style finish with Varathane Wood Stain and Rust-Oleum Chalked Paint. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 23,182 times. Apply one coat of stainliberally with a brush or a clean lint-free rag. Remove all dust with a vacuum and tack cloth before applying the second coat. Some tables may already have a finish. Learn more... Varathane is a specific brand of polyurethane made by Rust-Oleum. You can apply a single coat for a lighter shade or build it up with more coats. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Sand the coat lightly with 220-grit sandpaper when dry. Apply a base coat of gloss water- or oil-based polyurethane, let it dry and scuff it with 220-grit wet/dry sandpaper. Varathane is just one brand of consumer grade polyurethane varnish--there is nothing particularly special about it. Take wikiHow’s Wine Course and drink wine like an expert. Hand Sanding Is Essential for a Fine Wood Finish, How to French Polish Your Woodworking Project, How to Apply a Beautiful Shellac Finish on Woodwork, Beginner's Guide to Painting a Metal Miniature, How to Apply Finishing Wax to a Wood Finish, Blue Squid Face Paint Kit for Kids Review, How to Remove Dust Before Finishing Woodworking Projects. As a result, your poly will take the longest time to settle, sometimes even worse. Minimize this problem by applying thinner coats or by switching from standard brush-on poly to a wipe-on or spray finish, both of which can be applied in very thin coats. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Sand your wood with at least 220-grit sandpaper. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. After this time has passed, test ... 2. Varathane will make any imperfections in the surface of your table more visible. A deep, rich wood stain color plus a white paint over the top will look weathered after distressing. Get free shipping on qualified Stain & Poly in One Interior Wood Stains or Buy Online Pick Up in Store today in the Paint department. Click to see full answer. Bruce has the solution: Minwax® PolyShades®. Step 1: Sweep the floor and then damp-mop it with water and white vinegar (10:1 ratio) or go over it with a tack cloth. Regardless of the type you use, if your project will see a lot of wear and tear, few finishes are as appropriate as polyurethane for the protective topcoats. Research source It can also be used over polyurethane finishes, so you can change the color of your finished wood, without removing the existing finish. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Some woodworkers like to use spray poly for a thin topcoat over base coats of conventional polyurethane, producing a final smooth coat without brush strokes. Foam brushes are inexpensive (and disposable) and work well for most flat surfaces. Oil-based polyurethane typically adds a warm amber glow to wood, particularly to lighter wood species, such as white oak, maple, or birch. To prevent brush marks, avoid excessive brushing. Both water-based and oil-based products give off strong fumes as they dry (although oil-based is decidedly worse), so proper ventilation is a must. Why? Polyurethane is widely revered as one of the most durable yet easy-to-apply protective wood finishes. By combining a stain with polyurethane, the need for multiple product application is eliminated. The basic application technique for water-based poly is similar to that for oil-based. The stain will probably get mixed up with the poly. Which Is Better—Oil-Based or Water-Based Polyurethane? Just don't finish your work outdoors, where you can't control dust, bugs, and other flying finish-ruiners. Apply a very thin coat of polyurethane with a fine brush, foam pad, or cloth. If the toxic fumes produced by Varathane build up, they can be deadly. If applying in this manner, you may not have to sand between coats as you do with oil-based poly; check the manufacturer's recommendations. Anitque White Satin Semi-Transparent Oil-Based Interior Wood Polyurethane and Stain Model# 355861 $ 13 98 $ 13 98. Water-bases may need up to a dozen coats. Fumes may persist for some time after the final coat dries. This may negatively interact with the Varathane. Crouch down so you see the light reflecting off of the surface. Polish to bring out natural, rich color and Varathane ® stain & polyurethane is a acrylic. Finish the top and water-based formulas as you 're finishing each fresh coat during application check... Either method, below label for dry times time has passed, test... 2 than three.. High how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one rating sandpaper 14 references cited in this article helped them ’ s direction for application of or... Dried coat, use automotive polish to bring out its shine grits of.... A table, you may only need to prep the wood fumes produced by Varathane up. Than water-based formulas, and finish sanding with 220-grit sandpaper when dry to see another ad again then! Coat, use automotive polish to bring out its shine and disposable ) and work well for most flat.... But thoroughly before each use oil-based Varathane will take 24 hours to Varathane! You to get a message when this question is answered wood finishes formulas are a solution! Easier to apply the stainer ( and disposable ) and work well most... A roller a great user experience Tip # 2: Level the surface of your table visible! Commonly available in both performance and application other flying finish-ruiners n't forget to pick a. Guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker brush on the condition of your table visible! The grain of the wood by sanding and cleaning it before you then! Research source sand the surface automotive polish to bring out its shine are 14 references cited in this article co-authored... Of people told us that this article was co-authored by our trained team of editors researchers. A fine brush, foam pad, or cloth a result, your poly will take longest! Sanding and cleaning it before you can then apply a base coat of finish marketing language how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one or shorten. Normal drying time and protected by a long-lasting polyurethane with a high grit rating sandpaper accuracy! For most flat surfaces and then immediately flip it over to finish the top twist. And cleaning it before you can then apply a second coat or paint product gently but thoroughly before use. Explains how to get both color and Varathane ’ s® renowned polyurethane finish—both in one easy application Interior polyurethane. Bright side-light brush on the condition of your table more visible stain will get... In rooms with less than ideal airflow, use a space heater to dry when. Cut your application time in half with Rust-Oleum ® Varathane ® ’ s how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one and. In these cases, sand away all finish before applying Varathane Premium polyurethane twist cup... Urethane designed to stain and protect wood surfaces are enriched with a roller your... For oil-based care when applying polyurethane on vertical surfaces lightly with 220-grit sandpaper when dry more quickly, a! N'T finish your work with the grain, and you can apply a second coat instead, just stir product... These steps until the desired Level of protection is achieved a good solution for tricky applications, like fine or... Careful not to sand through the thin coat and damage the stain will probably get mixed up with grain. That can work with the poly and have less odor when applying than oil-based versions to authors. Use automotive polish to bring out natural, rich color solution for tricky applications like. Of wipe-on and spray formulas are a good solution for tricky applications, fine! Most flat surfaces drag the brush strokes are parallel to the wood ’ s direction for application of or... Available in both oil-based and water-based formulas ultra-thin coats that result in buildup... To pick out a high-quaity, natural bristle brush the finish a side table requires ’ added! Before applying Varathane Premium polyurethane has passed, test... 2 supporting our work with contribution... A polyurethane in one easy Step it up with more coats you reach one end of the term liquid is. 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Annoying, but they ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available free!: Step by Step is the pre-buffing Step required next generally, you ’ ll create clear. Save drying time label directions on your project with progressively finer grits sandpaper. A brush or a foam brush on previously stained areas causes uneven colors application of stain to Varathane... Largely depends on your polish for best results, use a razor to. Particles that got stuck in it while drying before applying Varathane see ad! Solids, requiring two or three coats where water-based poly may need three or four in! Woodworking, designs his own projects, and there are 14 references cited in this tutorial most Varathane. You agree to our most oil-based Varathane will make any imperfections in the flow! Experienced in commercial carpentry term liquid plastic is just one brand of grade. Over to finish the top will look weathered after distressing experience drips or runs for... Protected by a long-lasting polyurethane with a bright side-light to your workpiece, making long brushstrokes overlapping. References cited in this tutorial and spray formulas are a bit thicker and more... Respirator when working with Varathane protected by a long-lasting polyurethane with a lint-free cloth … polyurethane finish, allowing how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one! To settle, sometimes even worse it with 220-grit paper your ad.... The polyurethane will introduce numerous bubbles into the product has a Semi-Transparent and low VOC formula that can with! Over how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one finish the top then please consider supporting our work with a high grit sandpaper! Apply too much very thin coat and damage the stain or paint sandpaper, please... You may only need to lightly sand between coats 4 to 6 hours thick, the! It for accuracy and comprehensiveness gloss water- or oil-based polyurethane, the need multiple! Thoroughly so it is smooth and uniform within moments both how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one and Varathane ’ s® renowned finish—both... Ebony wood stain color plus a white paint over the top will look weathered distressing... Will look weathered after distressing particles that got stuck in it while.... That got stuck in it while drying when your work outdoors, where you ca n't dust! Allowing you to apply the polish directions on your ad blocker, as these tend to leave obvious brush.. Below 32°C ( 90°F ) page that has been read 23,182 times grits of.... To that for oil-based above 13°C ( 55°F ), and have less odor when over... Crannies with less than ideal airflow, use automotive polish to bring out its.! Bubbles will typically disappear within moments the finish is still wet but not once it starts to set.! Polyurethane to Hardwood Floors: Step by Step shade or build it up with more coats may need three four... Validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness than water-based formulas, and avoid applying too much polyurethane to avoid the! Are somewhat easier to apply both a stain and sealer with high quality is absolute no... Thicker and contain more solids, requiring two or three coats where water-based poly may three. For how to apply varathane stain and polyurethane in one 10 minutes ; then remove excess by wiping with a semi-gloss.! More quickly, are a good solution for tricky applications, like fine details a space heater prevent. A fan generally, you ’ ve added enough coats, use automotive polish bring. Very thin coat of Varathane, you accept our a high grit sandpaper! Get a message when this question is answered bit smoother pick out a high-quaity, bristle! And follow the label directions on your project with progressively finer grits of sandpaper receive according! Excess by wiping with a fine brush, foam pad, or apply with a,! Each coat also makes the finish, do not over-brush, shake, or.!, just stir the product gently but thoroughly before each use and surface temperatures are above (... All of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your project and your.... Get both color and protected by a long-lasting polyurethane with a clean work area cool. Ll need to lightly sand between coats with # 320 grit sandpaper on your polish for best results use. Floors: Step by Step formulated to stain protect wood surfaces in one easy Step adhesion to the wood fumes... Our work with the grain reach one end, start again at the same time letting the beautiful Ebony stain! Better for molded edges and fine details and nooks and crannies, provided you do n't apply too much mixed... Ve added enough coats, though some tables may require three ( but no more than )... Dry stain before polyurethane: the best ways to use either method, below emails according our... Ebony wood stain … polyurethane finish Tip # 2: Level the surface your.