He was … He built Igboho, known as Oyo Igboho, and made it the new capital. This Alaafin founded Igboho after the Nupe had occupied Oyo- Ile. Orompoto was the first and only female Alaafin of Oyo. Both Alaafin Adeyemi and Thomas (who was the Balogun of Oyo) were members of the Oyo Divisional Council. It is located at Oyo-Ile Range of the Park and it remains one of the footprints of the ancient Oyo People that to date adorn the first capital city of the famous Oyo Empire. The Alaafin of Oyo was formerly the title of the ruler of the ancient Oyo Empire. Oyo also gave a major identity to Yorubaland. The Alaaafin was given his staff of office on that sunny Thursday January 14. Sàngó is a divinity among the Yoruba Òrìsà Pantheon, related to the mythology of the Yoruba Indigenous Religion known as “Èsìn Òrìsà Ìbílè”. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire, and the Largest empire ever existed in West Africa, occupying most of what’s is today Southern Nigeria, expanding its territory to the nearby Republic of Benin. Ajaka was deposed, because he lacked Yoruba military virtue and allowed his sub-chiefs too much independence. They re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive than ever. The history of the 1st Alaafin of Oyo cannot be separated from the fact that Oyo Empire is one of the oldest and politically influential empires in the entire Yoruba race till date.. The Yoruba who today are found in the Southwestern part of Nigeria, the Republics of Benin and Togo, Brazil, Cuba, Trinidad and other places in the Caribbean have continued to imagine the glory and renown of the empire and the consciousness created by the Kingdom of Oyo and its Alaafins. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire, and the Largest empire ever existed in West Africa, occupying most of what’s is today Southern Nigeria, expanding its territory to the nearby Republic of Benin. During the 17th century, Oyo began a long stretch of growth, becoming a major empire. Sàngó was the second son of Oranmiyan; the founder of Oyo Empire; the youngest of the grandsons of Oduduwa. Oluaso. He is also the son of Oba Adeyemi II, the immediate former Alaafin of Oyo who was sent into exile in 1954 for showing sympathy towards the National Council of Nigerian Citizens (NCNC). According to oral history, Alaafin Odarawu (1658–1659) was bad-tempered; Kanran (1659–1665) was an absolute tyrant; Jayin (1665–1676), effeminate and immoral; Ayibi (1676–1690) cruel and capricious; and Osinyago (1690–1692), insignificant and hollow. Ajaja -re-installed. Thus, until the collapse of the Oyo empire in the early 19th century, its dominance and commercial links with different parts of the world provided the basis for stability that protected Yorubaland from aggression or untoward experiences. Onigbogi-conducted evacuation of Oyo-Ile probably around 16th century “There were 36 other kings after Onigbogi. In their bid to rescue Alaafin Ajaka, the Oyomesi (Oyo’s council of chiefs), sent for … She was the daughter of Alaafin Ofinran and the grand – daughter of Alaafin Onigbogi, both rulers of the Empire in their own time. UK Office: Square Root Business Centre, 102-116 Windmill Road, Croydon,Surrey,CRO 2XQ, Phone: +2348033026841 Alaafin Aloworodu Adeyemi ruled from 1876 to 1905. Alaafin Atiba shared their determination and resuscitated old titles … On the other hand Sàngó left the town followed by the chiefs as Baba-Mogba persuading him not to leave. During her reign Orompoto was responsible for leading the Oyo Empire between the years 1554 to 1562. Oranmiyan founded the Oyo nation after establishing the bini dynasty, making him the first Alaafin (ruler) of the Oyo kingdom. The Yoruba of Oyo went through an interregnum of 80 years as an exiled dynasty after its defeat by the Nupe. He is at present the current Alaafin of Oyo. In their bid to rescue Alaafin Ajaka, the Oyomesi (Oyo’s council of chiefs), sent for Sàngó in Nupe land where he had lived. History has it that the empire was created by Oranmiyan, the grandson of Oduduwa,.The empire was blessed with industrial brass making and as such amassed enormous wealth and military skill, the Oyo empire was very decentralized in nature and power was shared among several bodies Ajaka -was dethroned. 1554–1562 OROMPOTO. The presence of the ancient and powerful Kingdom (and later Empire) of Oyo under the direction of the Alaafin of Oyo in the geographical zone now described as Southwestern Nigeria was one of the most significant characteristics of Yorubaland. Oyo, Oyo State, is the seat of the line of the rulers of Oyo.Their territory, a constituent rump … She assumed the throne in 1554 because there was no … Ile-Ife was their first principal centre of civilization. I am sure th… In 17th Century Oyo, the monarchical failings came as a succession of cruel kings to the exalted throne of the Alaafin. Alaafin Ajiun Orompotoniyun, simply called Orompoto, was the first and only female Alaafin of Oyo. Other articles where Alaafin is discussed: Oyo: …the new seat of the alaafin (alafin) of Oyo (the political leader of the Yoruba people) by Alaafin Atiba, after Old Oyo (also called Katunga), the capital of the Oyo empire, was completely destroyed by Fulani conquerors. Orompoto was responsible for leading the Oyo Empire between the years 1554 to 1562. Kori. In the Yoruba myth of creation of the universe, “Olódùmarè” is the Supreme Creator, who delegated His powers to the “Òrìsà”, giving them the autonomy, authority and freedom to act according to His will to create the earth and interact with the Humanity. Alaafin Adeyemi III … She was the sister of her predecessor, Eguguojo. She was the sister of her predecessor, Eguguojo. Oyo also gave a major identity to Yorubaland. – Hence the popular saying OBAKOSO or OLUKOSO meaning the king did not hang was created by the Baba-Mogba and the place where Sàngó disappeared has became known as Koso. He rescued Ajaka and he was crowned King while Ajaka was sent into exile. The name Yoruba was initially used for the Oyo speaking people, their empire and dialect until the 19th century when European explorers applied the name widely to other Yoruba sub-groups. Sàngó in his quest to destroy them both: sent Gbonka to Ede to capture Timi which he did. In Oyo, the Oba is referred to as the Alaafin. After an unyielding persuasion, the chiefs went back as they approach an Ayan tree, the news ran that the king has hanged himself, but that was not true. The Oyo Mesi developed as a check on the Alaafin’s power, preventing the Alaafin from being an autocrat; the Oyo Mesi compelled many Alaafin to commit suicide during the 17th and 18th centuries. 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The name Yoruba was initially used for the Oyo speaking people, their empire and dialect until the 19th century when European explorers applied the name widely to other Yoruba sub-groups. Alaafin Atiba founded New Oyo (Ago-Oja) in 1837. In art, Sàngó is depicted with a double-axe on his three heads. On 3 May 2011, the outgoing Oyo State Governor Adebayo Alao-Akala announced that the Alaafin of Oyo, Oba Lamidi Adeyemi III was no longer Permanent Chairman of the Council of Obas and Chiefs in Oyo State. Since the 1900 political absorption of the kingdom in Northern Nigeria, the traditional monarchy was either a tool of British indirect rule or legally irrelevant within the republic. Political Attachment. It was after the civil war, Lamidi Adeyemi succeeded his father Alaafin Gbadegesin Ladigbolu II as the king of Oyo in the year 1971. THE PERIOD BEFORE 1500A.D The Oyo Alaafin is an integral portion of the Yoruba nation that descended from the historical figure, Oduduwa or Olofin. Oyo has continued to live on in the lives, arts and the socio-cultural, economic and political arrangements prevalent among the Yoruba people, their neighbours and the African Diaspora. He is associated with the holy animal, the ram, and the holy colours of red and white. These leaders saw their mission as continuing the war of resistance against the Fulani until the last were completely driven out of Yorubaland. The mysterious iron is believed to be one of Alaafin Sango’s sources of spiritual power during his reign. The Elégún Sàngó Koso is the living embodiment of Sàngó, who leads the faithful to perform one of the most sacred rites in the sacred Koso temple, symbolizing the spiritual immortality. The role and scope of Oyo's impact in establishing a Yoruba identity and consciousness among the Yoruba has continued to resonate The role, position, and relevance of the Alaafins in the colonial and postcolonial arrangement have equally proved remarkable in nation-building and human understanding. The people created a government that established its power over a vast empire. There is no king in Oyo, who will be installed without performing all the rites of coronation inside Koso temple. Also the mythical history of the Òrìsà Sàngó, embodies the third Alaafin (king), known as Tella-Oko, who was a strong warrior, believed to be a physical incarnation of the Òrìsà Sàngó, due to his mythical and invisible powers used through the energy of the thunder and storms. Olukoso ayoran ina Ekun oko oya Sangiri lagiri,o lagirikaka,fedubo Efin ina la nda laye Ina nbe lodo sango lorun Oloju orogbo,elereke obi O peke pe,o podale pepe Orissa nla ti bologbo leru Ina loju,ina lenu Omo ewelere Omo Oyo alafin Ojo pa sekere, Copyright © 2020 KikioTolu.com All rights reserved. Even though the empire now mostly exists in the history books and in Yoruba people’s hearts, it is an important traditional post. Sango -became deified as god of thunder and lightening. Alaafin of Oyo has been the Most powerful kingship title in the history of Yorubas. Locals say it cannot be lifted by a man, not even by a group of men. Palava: A Mouth-Watering Traditional Liberian Food you ... 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Sàngó , in his lifetime, had five wives, but three were very closed to him, Obà , the first wife and in the traditional sense the legitimate, Òsun , the second and Oya, the third, a concubine (as no marriage right or dowry was paid on her) was a spirit who has the power to transform from human to animal. 8, Agboola Aina Street off John Olugbo Street Ikeja, Lagos The old Oyo empire was a powerful force in the history of the yoruba race. Besides that, nothing remarkable happened in his reign. Alaafin Ajiun Orompotoniyun, ruled the Oyo empire in the 16th century, speculatively from 1554 to 1562. It is believed that Oranmiyan, the last son of Oduduwa, founded the Oyo kingdom after splitting up with his brother on their way to battle. Alaafin (literally translated as the Man of the Palace in Yoruba), is the name for the emperor of the Oyo empire. In modern times, the shortest reign was that of Alaafin Amodo, who was on the throne only between 1833 and 1835. The resulting Jealousy by Obà and Òsun made Oya to be more close to Sàngó, becoming his princess consort (Ayo) and having access to Sàngó ’s thunderbolt (Edun Ara). Today Koso is a suburban district of Oyo, one of the holiest places of the city, where the spirit of Sàngó inhabited the sacred site thousands of years ago. We are available both in print and online versions. Africa’s best source for African styles and culture news. Olowu later sent his warriors to capture Alaafin Ajaka and bring him to Owu. She also had the power to summon rain. Sàngó is a mystery and a phenomenon in the Yoruba history that have spread beyond the boundaries of Oyo town, spreading throughout the world. Bode Thomas died in a controversial circumstance after his unfriendly encounter with Alaafin Adeyemi II, father of the current Alaafin Lamidi Adeyemi III. After disobeying his direct order not to match on Owu in Battle, Sàngó follows Oya’s advice to get rid of them and sent them to govern the border towns of the Empire. The drums will roll out on Thursday January 14 on the golden anniversary of the coronation of the Alaafin of Oyo, Iku Baba Yeye, Igba Keji Orisa, Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III (82). The thunder he created stroke the palace and burnt it down. +442086654242, +447404585033, Oyo Empire & the Alaafin: History, Traditions of an Ancient Yoruba Kingdom, IT’S END OF THE YEAR! Timi obeyed him and left for Ede but Gbonka stayed back in Oyo to pose further treat. 14th Century, Oyo Palace Compound, Oranyan, the first oba (king) of Oyo, was succeeded byOba Ajaka, Alaafin of Oyo. Sàngó then ordered that Gbonka should be burn to ashes. Together with Sàngó ’s thunderbolt, they had terrific victories in battle. During the reign of Alaafin Ajaka, Oyo was under a regular treat of war from Olowu, Ajaka’s cousin; who rules Owu Kingdom. Based on this Yoruba theological concept, Sàngó was delegated the function of creating the storms, being known as the divinity of thunders, rays, rain and fire. It will sound weird to anyone who knows the might of anyone who happens to be the Alaafin to believe there is one Alaafin of Oyo that was impeached. Oya, on her part, went back to the forest in Nupe Land where Sàngó found her and became the under goddess of Odo- Oya known as river Niger. Leadership was then conferred upon Ajaka’s brother, Sango, who was later deified as the deity of thunder In old times, it was geographically located in today Northern central and western Nigeria. She ruled the Oyo empire in the 16th century, speculatively from 1554 to 1562. It also became the basis for a global understanding of the capacity of the black race to construct an enduring political and social arrangement. Here’s a list of Alaafins that have reigned over the Oyo empire from inception to date. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Oyo was the dominant political power in Yorubaland and beyond. Oyo mesi can be regarded as kingmakers. Mogba Koso plays a crucial role in the royal succession, since he is the custodian of the thunderbolt (Edun Ara) and the ancestral crown of Sàngó, being responsible for the coronation of the new king. The Alaafin was the master of the realm spreading from the Savannah and as far afield as modern Benin and Togo Republics in the West African sub-region. Oba Lamidi Olayiwola Atanda Adeyemi III was born on May 15, 1938. History of Oyo Town and Oyo Empire Oyo is a city in Oyo State, Nigeria, founded as the capital of the Oyo Kingdom in the 1830s and known to its people as 'New Oyo' (Ọyọ Atiba) to distinguish it from the former capital to the north, 'Old Oyo' (Ọyọ-Ile), which had been deserted as a result of rumors of war. The Alaafin was the master of the realm spreading from the Savannah and as far afield as modern Benin and Togo Republics in the West African sub-region. According to traditions, Oyo derived from a great Yoruba ancestor and hero, Oduduwa, who likely migrated to Ile-Ife and whose son became the first alaafin (alafin), or ruler, of Oyo.Linguistic evidence suggests that two waves of immigrants came into Yorubaland between 700 and 1000, the second settling at Oyo in the open country north of the Guinea forest. One of the most significant features of Yorubaland was the existence in the geographical zone now described as Southwestern Nigeria, of the ancient and powerful Kingdom (and later Empire) of Oyo under the direction of the Alaafin of Oyo. The role that the Alaafin played in this has been extremely remarkable. PRAY YOUR WAY INTO 2021 FOR UNCOMMON RESTORATION OF GLORY AND DESTINY, PRAYER RAIN: THE PRAYER STRATEGY BOOK THAT WORKS LIKE NO OTHER BY DR. D.K OLUKOYA, Nigeria Reports Record 930 COVID-19 Cases in a Single Day, THE SERVANT LEADER: PRINCE BABATUNDE SALIU READY FOR THE PROGRESS OF THE PEOPLE IN KOSOFE LOCAL GOVERNMENT, COVID-19: NCDC Confirms 758 New Cases, 3 Additional Deaths in Nigeria. Oyo has witnessed a lot of growth during his reign. In old times, it was geographically located in today Northern central and western Nigeria. The mystery behind the coronation of Orompoto as the Alaafin of Oyo will forever remain a puzzle. Orompoto was the first and only female Alaafin of Oyo. Sàngó was a brave and powerful man that inherited most of his special abilities from the Nupe, his mother’s people. The role and depth of Oyo’s influence in nurturing a Yoruba identity and consciousness among the Yoruba has continued to resonate across generations and boundaries. The Impeached Alaafin of Oyo – ALAAFIN AJAKA. Only Baba-Mogba knew the truth that Sàngó varnished into the earth, leaving his thunderbolt (Edun Ara) with Mogba . Ofiran -built the city of Shaki. During the reign of Sàngó, he had two generals: Timi Agbale Olofa-ina (also known as Olu-ode) who could shoot arrows of fire and Gbonka (also Known as Eliri) who was equally powerful. Mysteriously, he appeared after three days giving Sàngó ultimatum to vacate the throne for his infidelity. According to the Oyomesi, it was an abomination for a woman to rule over the empire. New Oyo was aligned with Ibadan in the Yoruba civil wars of the… At a time, the respected ruler was chairman of the council. Oranmiyan founded the Oyo nation after he had established the bini dynasty, making him the first Alaafin (ruler) of the Oyo kingdom. According to historians, the Yorubas arrived in their present homes in waves from the ancient Meroe of the East of Sudan. Aganju. The Oyomesi who were in charge of installing a new Alaafin were not willing to crown Orompoto king. He left the palace to a high rock facing the palace to re-affirm the potency of his thunderbolt. But since the fall of the Oyo Empire, it is now the title of the traditional ruler of Oyo town. Alaafin Adeyemi III has been very fortunate. Olowu later sent his warriors to capture Alaafin Ajaka and bring him to Owu. The history of the 1st Alaafin of Oyo cannot be separated from the fact that Oyo Empire is one of the oldest and politically influential empires in the entire Yoruba race till date. Sàngó who believed that the match in Ede was staged asked for a re-match in Oyo and Gbonka defeated Timi. Oyo never encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, but it was the most populous kingdom in Yoruba history. During the reign of Alaafin Ajaka, Oyo was under a regular treat of war from Olowu, Ajaka’s cousin; who rules Owu Kingdom. Was a powerful force in the 16th century, Oyo began a long stretch growth. Formerly the title of the ancient Oyo empire between the years 1554 to 1562 ( who the! To ashes for African styles and culture news Timi which he did over vast... 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